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Déficit de atención y desafíos de aprendizaje
Plan de tratamiento 

SNOMED Terms

  • Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

  • Family history of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

  • Residual adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder


Goals
 

  • Reduce impulsive actions while increasing concentration and focus on low-interest activities.

  • Minimize ADD behavioral interference in daily life.

  • Accept ADD as a chronic issue and need for continuing medication treatment.

  • Sustain attention and concentration for consistently longer periods of time.

  • Achieve a satisfactory level of balance, structure, and intimacy in personal life.


Behavioral Definitions
 

  • Childhood history of Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) that was either diagnosed or later concluded due to the symptoms of behavioral problems at school, impulsivity, temper outbursts, and lack of concentration.

  • Unable to concentrate or pay attention to things of low interest, even when those things are important to his/her life.

  • Easily distracted and drawn from task at hand.

  • Restless and fidgety; unable to be sedentary for more than a short time.

  • Impulsive; has an easily observable pattern of acting first and thinking later.

  • Rapid mood swings and mood lability within short spans of time.

  • Disorganized in most areas of his/her life.

  • Starts many projects but rarely finishes any.

  • Has a "low boiling point and a short fuse."

  • Exhibits low stress tolerance; is easily frustrated, hassled, or upset.

  • Chronic low self-esteem.

  • Tendency toward addictive behaviors.


Diagnoses
 

  • Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Predominantly Inattentive Type

  • Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Type

  • Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder NOS

  • Bipolar I Disorder

  • Cyclothymic Disorder

  • Mood Disorder NOS

  • Impulse-Control Disorder NOS

  • Alcohol Dependence

  • Alcohol Abuse

  • Cannabis Dependence

  • Cannabis Abuse

What is Attention Deficit Disorder?

Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), also known as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects both children and adults. It is characterized by a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes with daily functioning and development.

Inattention symptoms of ADD/ADHD include difficulty sustaining attention, forgetfulness, disorganization, and distractibility. Hyperactivity-impulsivity symptoms include restlessness, fidgeting, interrupting others, and acting without thinking.

The exact cause of ADD/ADHD is unknown, but research suggests it may be related to differences in brain development and function, genetics, and environmental factors. It is typically diagnosed by a mental health professional, such as a psychologist or psychiatrist, based on a comprehensive evaluation of the individual's symptoms, medical history, and behavior.

Treatment for ADD/ADHD typically includes medication, such as stimulants or non-stimulants, and behavioral therapy. Behavioral therapy may include parent training, social skills training, and cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). The goal of treatment is to help individuals with ADD/ADHD develop the skills and strategies to manage their symptoms and improve their daily functioning.

Undiagnosed ADHD refers to individuals who have ADHD symptoms, but have not yet received a formal diagnosis from a mental health professional. This can occur for a variety of reasons, such as lack of awareness of ADHD symptoms, stigma surrounding mental health, or difficulty accessing healthcare.

Undiagnosed ADHD can have negative impacts on an individual's daily functioning, academic or work performance, and relationships. It can lead to difficulties with attention, impulse control, and hyperactivity, causing problems in social, academic, and occupational settings. Undiagnosed ADHD can also lead to low self-esteem, anxiety, and depression.

It's important to note that not all individuals with ADHD exhibit hyperactivity symptoms. In fact, some individuals with ADHD primarily struggle with inattention and may go undiagnosed because their symptoms are less noticeable. Additionally, ADHD can be comorbid with other mental health conditions, such as anxiety or depression, which may complicate diagnosis.

If an individual suspects they may have ADHD, it is important to seek an evaluation from a qualified mental health professional, such as a psychologist or psychiatrist. A comprehensive evaluation can help identify ADHD symptoms and determine an appropriate course of treatment, which may include medication, behavioral therapy, or a combination of both.

Symptoms of Mild ADHD

Mild ADHD, like all forms of ADHD, is characterized by a persistent pattern of inattention, hyperactivity, and/or impulsivity that interferes with daily functioning and development. However, the symptoms of mild ADHD may be less severe than those of moderate or severe ADHD. Here are some common symptoms of mild ADHD:

1. Inattention: Mild ADHD may be characterized by difficulty paying attention or sustaining focus on tasks that are not stimulating or interesting. Individuals with mild ADHD may miss important details, forget things easily, or struggle to organize their thoughts and belongings.

2. Hyperactivity: While hyperactivity is not always present in individuals with ADHD, those with mild ADHD may be more prone to restlessness, fidgeting, and difficulty sitting still for long periods of time. They may be more easily distracted by external stimuli, such as sounds or movements.

3. Impulsivity: Individuals with mild ADHD may struggle with impulsivity, making decisions without fully considering the consequences. They may interrupt others frequently, act without thinking, or have difficulty waiting their turn.

4. Procrastination: Individuals with mild ADHD may struggle with procrastination, putting off tasks until the last minute and then struggling to complete them on time.

It's important to note that these symptoms may vary from person to person and may be more or less severe depending on the individual. Additionally, a diagnosis of ADHD can only be made by a qualified mental health professional, who will conduct a comprehensive evaluation of an individual's symptoms, medical history, and behavior.

Trauma-Based ADHD 

Trauma-based ADHD is a term used to describe the symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) that may arise as a result of experiencing trauma. Trauma can refer to a variety of experiences, including physical or emotional abuse, neglect, or other forms of violence or instability.

Individuals who have experienced trauma may develop symptoms of ADHD, such as difficulty with attention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity, as a way of coping with the emotional and psychological effects of the trauma. This can sometimes be referred to as "secondary ADHD" or "complex ADHD."

It's important to note that not everyone who experiences trauma will develop ADHD symptoms, and not everyone with ADHD has experienced trauma. However, trauma can be a risk factor for ADHD and can make it more difficult to manage its symptoms. It's important for individuals who are experiencing symptoms of ADHD to seek professional evaluation and treatment, which may include therapy, medication, or other interventions.

How does ADHD affect your life?

ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) can affect various aspects of a person's life, including:

Attention and Focus: Individuals with ADHD often struggle to maintain attention on tasks, leading to difficulties in completing tasks, following instructions, and staying organized. 

Impulsivity: Impulsivity can lead to difficulties in self-control, such as blurting out inappropriate comments, interrupting others, or engaging in risky behaviors without considering the consequences.

Hyperactivity: While not everyone with ADHD experiences hyperactivity, those who do may have trouble sitting still, fidgeting excessively, or engaging in constant movement. 

Time Management: People with ADHD may have challenges with time management, including estimating time accurately, planning ahead, and meeting deadlines.

Organization and Planning: Difficulty in organizing tasks, materials, and thoughts can lead to messy workspaces, missed appointments, and forgetfulness.

Emotional Regulation: ADHD can affect emotional regulation, leading to mood swings, irritability, and difficulty coping with frustration or stress.

It's important to note that ADHD symptoms can vary widely among individuals, and not everyone will experience the same difficulties or to the same degree. Additionally, with proper diagnosis, treatment, and support, individuals with ADHD can learn strategies to manage their symptoms effectively and lead fulfilling lives.

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